Anemonefish and demersal egg-laying strategy


It was several days past full moon and the tiny eggs were almost ready to hatch. The reproductive pair of anemonefish’s hard work of defending the eggs against predators and aerating them with their fins was about to pay off. Soon, thousands of tiny fish larvae will hatch and drift into the open ocean; the job of the parents would be complete.

This is part of the life cycle for anemonefishes. They belong to the group of marine fishes that practice demersal spawning, a strategy where females deposit or attach unfertilized eggs onto the substrate that are subsequently fertilized by the males. Female anemonefishes nip away at edge of the oral disc of their host anemone to expose a small patch of substrate upon which to attach their eggs. Males fertilize the eggs and it is there that the eggs begin their development into a new anemonefish. It can be hypothesized that having demersal eggs reduces the risk of eggs getting eaten while developing in the open water, cast ashore, or damaged by abrasion. Parental care often consists of nest building, nest cleaning, fanning, and guarding. The eggs incubate for about a week and after hatching, the tiny fish float in the ocean as part of the plankton pool where they will further develop. After about a week developing in the open ocean, they will return to the reef and seek out an anemone in which to dwell.

Clark's anemonefish fans and defends its eggs

Adult anemoenfish…

Tiny anemonefish almost ready to hatch

Thousands of tiny…

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